Glaucoma: The Signs, Dangers and What to Do

Glaucoma diminishes an individual’s vision over time, often without forewarning. In this blog, we delve into the intricacies of this eye condition, shedding light on its signs, dangers, and the essential steps to take if you suspect you or a loved one may be affected.



What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma encompasses a group of eye diseases characterised by damage to the optic nerve, often linked to elevated pressure within the eye. What makes Glaucoma particularly insidious is its progression, with vision loss occurring gradually until irreversible damage has been done.



Signs and Symptoms:

Gradual Loss of Peripheral Vision: Individuals may notice a gradual narrowing of their field of vision, particularly in the periphery.

Blurred Vision: Vision may become hazy or blurred, hindering clarity and sharpness.

Halos Around Lights: Some may experience halos around lights, especially in low light conditions.

Increased Eye Pressure: Elevated pressure within the eye can lead to discomfort or pain, often indicating a more advanced stage of Glaucoma.



Risk Factors:

Age: Glaucoma becomes more prevalent with age, particularly affecting individuals over 40.

Family History: A family history of Glaucoma increases the likelihood of developing the condition.

Ethnicity: Certain ethnic groups, such as African Americans and Hispanics, are at higher risk.

Medical Conditions: Conditions like diabetes and hypertension can elevate the risk of Glaucoma.



What to Do If You Suspect Glaucoma:

Regular Eye Exams: Schedule routine eye examinations, especially if you’re over 40 or have risk factors.

Seek Immediate Medical Attention: If you experience any symptoms or notice changes in your vision, don’t hesitate to seek professional help promptly.

Follow Treatment Plans: Adhere to prescribed treatment plans diligently, including medication, eye drops or surgical interventions.


Glaucoma poses a significant challenge to eye health and wellbeing, but armed with knowledge and vigilance, its impact can be mitigated. Prioritise your eye health, stay proactive, and remember that early detection is key.


For more information on Glaucoma, visit Glaucoma UK.